BioSphere Plastic Additives – How They Enhance Biodegradability

The First Tier of our biodegradable plastic solution is our biodegradable plastic additive. We have developed our compound with ingredients that allow for degradation not only on the surface of plastic, but also in the interior of the plastic product. Our additive allows microbes to consume the C-C bonds within the plastic structures at a macromolecular level which results in the consumption of the bonds. This creates greater surface area on the plastic product, allowing plastophilic microbes to attach themselves within the “caves” of the polymer, rather than only on the surface. Our competitors’ products work by only dissolving the external plastic product.

Biodegradable additives enhance the biodegradability of plastic by increasing the amount of hydophalicity of your product. The current structure of plastic is hydrophobic and allows for only a small amount of biodegradation to occur over a very long period of time.

Biosphere allows the acids which microbes produce to create faster biodegradability of the plastic, which in turn allows for the softening of certain properties of the macromolecules in plastic. Our product is nothing like the biodegradable additives or oxo-degradable additives in the market which only offer a one-dimensional approach.

We follow a three tier technique which allows your product to be fully biodegradable.

Waste to Energy, C02 Reduction from Biodegradable Plastic Additives

The Second Tier is processing. We have gained an understanding of some problems that can occur when processing additives and have developed our system accordingly so that our product is simple to use. We will provide you with advice on increasing the biodegradability of your final product so that you can obtain ultimate biodegradation of your product family with BioSphere. We also take cost into consideration and have tailored a cost structure that is both acceptable for our technology and  affordable. Our philosophy is that the more product you sell, the more we sell. It is much easier for you to sell your product when you have an easy-to-use, affordable additive. So we have designed our product to be easily processed and affordable.

The Third Tier is testing. While we do provide some tests around generic products, we also have negotiated pricing discounts with many of the testing laboratories in the market.

Biodegradable Plastic Additives and How They Work

The Federal Trade Commission is encouraging biodegradable additive companies to have faster biodegradation, and our product is hands down the fastest biodegradable additive in the market today. Which leads us back to increasing the biodegradation of your plastic product by adding in a 1% load rate of BioSphere biodegradable plastic additive masterbatch. BioSphere biodegradable plastic additive works in PET, PP, PS, PE and all major resin types.

Our product comes in master batch pellet, liquid and powder form.

BioSphere biodegradable plastic additive masterbatch costs between 7-12 USD per kg. We also offer *price matching with any Oxo-biodegradable or Oxodegradable products in the marketplace.  If your company currently uses an oxo-degradable product and would like to switch over to a better solution for the environment, we welcome you to contact us for further details about our price matching options.

*price matching must be shown by the previous orders of oxodegradable or oxobiodegradable products.

Biodegradation Process when Utilizing BioSphere Additives

Hydrolysis

Hydrolysis of Polymers example

Hydrolysis of Polymers

Acidogenesis

Acidogenesis is the next step of anaerobic digestion in which acidogenic microorganisms further break down the Biomass products after hydrolysis. These fermentative bacteria produce an acidic environment in the digestive tank while creating ammonia, H2, CO2, H2S, shorter volatile fatty acids, carbonic acids, alcohols, as well as trace amounts of other byproducts. While acidogenic bacteria further breaks down the organic matter, it is still too large and unusable for the ultimate goal of methane production, so the biomass must next undergo the process of acetogenesis.

Acetogenesis

In general, acetogenesis is the creation of acetate, a derivative of acetic acid, from carbon and energy sources by acetogens. These microorganisms catabolize many of the products created in acidogenesis into acetic acid, CO2 and H2. Acetogens break down the Biomass to a point to which Methanogens can utilize much of the remaining material to create Methane as a Biofuel.

Methanogenesis

Methanogenesis constitutes the final stage of anaerobic digestion in which methanogens create methane from the final products of acetogenesis as well as from some of the intermediate products from hydrolysis and acidogenesis. There are two general pathways involving the use of acetic acid and carbon dioxide, the two main products of the first three steps of anaerobic biodegradation, to create methane in methanogenesis:

CO2 + 4 H2 → CH4 + 2H2O

CH3COOH → CH4 + CO2

While CO2 can be converted into methane and water through the reaction, the main mechanism to create methane in methanogenesis is the path involving acetic acid. This path creates methane and CO2, the two main products of anaerobic biodegradation.